The Reserve Bank today reduced the official cash rate (OCR) by 50 basis points to 3%.
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Reserve Bank Governor Alan Bollard said: "The world economy deteriorated very rapidly late last year, amid ongoing losses and extreme volatility in international financial markets.
While monetary and fiscal policy responses in many countries have been substantial we still expect the adverse economic forces generated by the crisis to remain dominant throughout 2009. The timing and extent of global recovery remain highly uncertain.
"In New Zealand, the impact of difficult trading conditions is showing through clearly in reduced export revenues, weak business sentiment, and sharply curtailed investment and employment.
urther house price falls and increased precautionary saving by households are driving a weakness in spending. Inflation pressure is abating rapidly as a result.
"The OCR has now been reduced 525 basis points in little more than six months, taking interest rates to very stimulatory levels. Further falls in the lending rates faced by households and businesses are in the pipeline.
While credit growth is easing in line with the weak economy, we expect financial institutions to continue lending on sound business propositions, to support the recovery.
"In addition to the substantial change in monetary policy settings, there has been a large amount of stimulus from fiscal policy. These policy changes, together with the sizeable exchange rate depreciation, will act to support the New Zealand economy: therefore, we expect to see activity troughing in the middle of this year and then gradually picking up thereafter.
However, the scale of the global financial crisis is such that there is great uncertainty about future economic developments and there is a risk that the recovery may occur later and be more protracted than we anticipate.
"As economic activity troughs, we expect the rapid easing of monetary policy to slow. Any future cuts will be much smaller than observed recently. We do not expect to see in New Zealand the near-zero policy rates of some countries.
New Zealand needs to retain competitiveness in the international capital markets. We will assess the need for further cuts in the OCR against emerging developments in the global and domestic economies and the responses to policy changes already in place."
Reserve Bank of New Zealand Governor Alan Bollard cut the official cash rate by 50 basis points to a record low 3% as expected, signaling the end to the steep easing cycle as the economy hits the bottom of its recession this year.
While New Zealand’s economy has fallen into a “deeper and more prolonged recession,” interest rates were now at “very stimulatory levels,” he said. The kiwi dollar jumped to 51.20 US cents after the statement from 50.54 cents immediately before.
“Rates could go lower, like 2%, but it was unlikely, and possibly negative for them go any lower,” Bollard told a media conference in Wellington.
Interest rates have been slashed by 5.25 percentage points since July, as Bollard bet inflation will evaporate as the economy stays mired in a prolonged recession. Today’s cut matched the median estimate in a Reuters survey. Inflation is forecast to fall to an annual rate of 3.1% in the March quarter, before sliding to a 1.9% annual rate in June, back within the central bank’s target band. Inflation was 3.4% in 2008.
“This statement suggests the RBNZ is holding back, RBA style, although with one key difference – the need to retain a higher interest rate to attract international funding,” said Imre Speizer, currency strategist at Westpac Banking Corp. “The OCR can still get to the 2.5% trough.”
The economy contracted 0.8% in the fourth quarter, and will likely extend its slump with a further 0.8% decline in the first three months of this year, Bollard forecast today. New Zealand is stuck in its first recession in a decade as unemployment rises, corporate earnings decline, and overseas demand for the nation’s goods dwindles. GDP shrank 0.4% in the third quarter, following decreases of 0.3% and 0.2% in the March and June 2008 quarters respectively, according to government figures.
“The impact of difficult trading conditions is showing through clearly in reduced export revenues, weak business sentiment, and sharply curtailed investment and employment,” Bollard said in Wellington today. He doesn’t expect rates to reach the near-zero policy seen in other countries, but didn’t rule out further, smaller cuts to the OCR not rule out future cuts, which will probably be much smaller.
Bollard expects New Zealand “to perform better through this period than many of our trading partners” due to the strong position of New Zealand’s banking sector, falling exchange rate, and early response to the global economic slump.
The New Zealand dollar has declined 35% in the past 12 months against the US dollar as the global economic crisis as the central bank slashed interest rates, eroding the yield appeal of riskier assets like the kiwi.
The sharp depreciation in the dollar will probably continue through until the middle of next year, with “heightened risk aversion” likely to push it lower in the near-term, the central bank forecast. The weaker currency is expected to lift exports, which are predicted to continue tumbling throughout the year.
Slumping global demand has slashed earnings for New Zealand companies and dimmed the outlook for 2009. The nation’s largest construction company, Fletcher Building Ltd., posted a 27% slump in first-half profit to $172 million, while second-quarter earnings at Telecom Corp., the biggest company on the NZX50 index, tumbled 92% to $14 million.
The central bank forecasts the jobless rate peaking at 6.8% early next year, and reaching 5.2% this year. That’s lower than the 7% rate some economists are predicting, and up from 4.6% currently, which is its highest level since 2002. “We expect to see sizeable reductions in employment and investment in the coming year,” Bollard said.
Domestic spending on credit and debit cards, excluding fuel and auto-related outlets, fell 0.4% in February, while fourth-quarter retail sales slid 0.6%, according to government figures. New Zealand consumer confidence tumbled last month, with Roy Morgan Research’s latest poll showing 63% of consumers expect the economy to deteriorate over the next 12 months, up from 60% in early February.
The price of raw materials sank for its seventh straight month, in a sign that weakening world growth is eroding demand for the nation’s exports. The ANZ Commodity Price Index fell 4.6% in February, following a 4.3% drop in the previous month.
Rising unemployment and falling corporate earnings has eroded government tax revenue, which was a lower-than-forecast $30.5 billion in the seven months to January 31. Treasury last month said the economy probably extended its recession into a fifth quarter.